Monthly Archives: May 2014

Wow this is the third time I have tried to write and post this post. WordPress didn’t like something I did and then Google Chrome kept crashing. Hope I can post it this time.
Whilst researching for Assignment 3 in EDC3100 I found this blog by Amy Harrington, Esq. Rethinking Education: Self-Directed Learning Fits the Digital Age and found many of her points resonated with my own thinking, Although about schooling,many of her comments and thoughts are equally true for adult education. You might find the blog interesting also Christina .

Amy makes some valid points about education today including her points about standards based education and “teaching to the test” and the fact that this is not encouraging students to become self-directed learners. She states “True learning is intrinsically motivated and the reward is knowledge”. Becoming a self-directed learner rewards you with the knowledge you seek.

An interesting read if you get the chance.

Professional Experience – What a week

My professional experience week hasn’t started quite as expected. Training is only a part of my job so having to juggle supervisory work with training is generally not a problem but I was hoping to spend a bit more time on the training side. Unfortunately that has not been the case. 

The first few days were taken up with a project that required me to be in attendance with the workers nearly constantly and the next 2 days we experienced power outages which made doing training with ICT’s impossible. I have at least developed my training modules and am ready to go. Although today I found out our “training room” computer does not have a sound card in it. Which really didn’t matter because there are no spare speakers to connect to the computer anyway.

Luckily I have my trusty notebook with me and we work on the weekend. So I have now tested my notebook with the data projector and there is enough sound coming from the notebook for all to hear my screen casts and videos. I have my first lesson scheduled for tomorrow morning and will hopefully be back on track after the weekend.

Frameworks, models and theories for EDC3100

I tried to embed the below table straight into our discussion forum but alas it was beyond my ICT capability, so I have taken the easy way out and added it to my blog.

As I work my way through assignment 3 and reflect on the strategies I will use during my professional experience starting Monday I am struck by the many varied frameworks, models and theories available for me to use. I like both the connectivism and constructivism theories as they build on current or previous knowledge and can easily be built into work based training using the networks all ready existing at work.

Here is my response to the discussion question below.



Application to Assignment 3/Professional Experience

CLEM Model

Help understand how to learn about a new ICT and how to use it to enhance student learning.

If there are any new ICTs you need to use it might help your explorations.

Hence might be useful as a part of the planning process for Part B.

TPACK (Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge) framework

Tries to identify what technological knowledge teachers require to integrate technology into their pedagogical and content knowledge  

Might be used to develop interactive blended learning enhancing current teacher pedagogy and content knowledge

Backwards design


Uses desired learning outcomes as the basis for instructional design and assessment

Set learning objectives and design course content and assessment around those objectives

SAMR(Substitution Augmentation Modification Redefinition) Model

A method of seeing how computer technology might impact on teaching and learning

Used as a continuum showing how technology could be used then watching as it is used in various ways

TIP (Technology Integration Planning) Model


This model is focused on why the ICT is being incorporated into the lesson.

1. Determine relative advantage

2. Decide on objectives and assessments

3. Design integration strategies

4. Prepare the instructional environment

5. Revise integration strategies

Gives the opportunity for the lesson to become a mobile lesson being accessed on the job rather than in a classroom.

The 5Es (Engage, Explore, Explain, Elaborate, Evaluate)

A constructive approach to learning which builds on to existing knowledge or ideas

Show what trainees already know then build on this by exploring extensions to their current knowledge and allowing them to evaluate its use.

WALT (We Are Learning To) & WILF (What I’m Looking For)

A child friendly way of saying these are the objectives for this learning and this is how we will measure your success of meeting those objectives

Setting objectives and measures for success.



A learning theory which utilises connections within networks to foster learning. Learning occurs through the nodes and connections

Formalising the learning that occurs in the connections. Giving trainees access to information to share and build on

Bloom’s taxonomy

Knowledge, Comprehension, Application, Analysis, Synthesis, Evaluation


Provides a basic sequential model for dealing with topics in the curriculum and suggests levels of learning applicable to age groups.

Building on existing knowledge and transforming that to worksite application including later evaluation of the application

Postman’s 5 things

1. Technology is always a trade off

2. Technology creates winners and losers

3. There is a powerful idea imbedded in every technology

4. Technology is ecological, not additive

5. Technology tends to become mythic

I don’t think I will be using this during my PE

Toolbelt theory/TEST (Task, Environment, Skill, Tools) framework


Based on the theory that humans need to use tools to accomplish tasks. It takes into account the task to be performed, the environment that task needs to be performed in, the skills of the individual and the tools available to the individual.

Could be used during practical demonstrations and during practical assessment

PKM (Personal Knowledge Management)

A set of processes that help a person make sense of the world they live in allowing them to work more effectively and manage how they use their knowledge

Used in the development of training modules during PE

Transforming Queensland VET: Challenges and Opportunities

Transforming Queensland VET: Challenges and Opportunities

It was interesting to read Mark Laity’s post on Week 9 and Christina Donaldson’s post Technology and Integration as they both had similar themes relating to the difficulty of incorporating ICT’s into adult training. Something I have been struggling with myself over the last couple of months.

During my search for references for Assignment 3 in EDC3100 I came across this document Transforming Queensland VET: Challenges and Opportunities and in particular was surprised at how little had changed since 2009. In Chapter 1 E-Education for SkillsTech Australia: An Holistic Approach by James Waterson a Teacher with SkillsTech Australia points out the following on page 9

“Sadly, the VET teacher of today faces a number of challenges. It is no secret that the VET teacher is often a person with many years experience and a number of factors affect their engagement in new learning:
• Retirement age is near or has been passed by many;
• Teaching staff are only required to attain minimum teaching qualification at a Certificate IV level;
• Recruitment of new staff is at minimal levels;
• Class sizes have been increased (Electrical – from 14 to 28 students);
• Professional development is an ad hoc experience, and;
• Administrative time overheads for teachers are ever increasing.”

It goes on further to discuss the resistance for change exhibited by many teachers and also the lack of time allocated to learn new technology with the following quote located on the same page.

“Brennan (2003) indicated that: A large number of teachers are not only struggling with the demands of rapidly changing technologies, but also with an often unfriendly teaching context that is pre-determined by institutional structures and management
practices, course content, material presentation and the nature of the platform that their institution is tied to. It is a credit to teacher/trainer professionalism and dogged persistence that online delivery works as well as it does. (p.5)”

It’s interesting that these collection of papers were written in 2009 and yet little has changed over the last 5 years. Many TAFE’s around the country are only just introducing on-line courses and blended learning formats. So Mark and Christina you are not alone in your journey of how best to incorporate ICT’s into lessons. I hope you find something of interest in these papers.



I have just completed the four modules of Connected.ed  which can be found through the Australian Communications and Media Authority (ACMA) web site. Not very relevant to me work wise as I am in the VET sector and work overseas. The company I work for does have an ICT use policy though and it covers the main topics of inappropriate material being sent and resent on our network and of course the misuse of intellectual property.

On a personal note I found the information in the four modules interesting especially as I have a teenage son. I thought cyber bullying might have actually been more prevalent than the statistics show and was quite surprised to see that 21% of female students in Tasmania reported being cyber bullied compared to the national average of approximately 8%. I wonder why that is?

Free Presentation Apps

One of the other blogs I am following is Maria Kaffatou and although she is studying in the early childhood sector comes up with some really good sites that can also be used in the VET sector.

So thanks Maria for your blog on 1st May titled Free Applications for Presentations and the link to this site Edutopia The good thing is that you don’t just have to use them on Apple products as full versions of the apps are available on the web for download to computers using other operating systems.

I can particularly see the benefit of Snapguide and how it could be used to create how to guides at work. It would allow my trainees to develop their own how to guides and share them with each other. I look forward to investigating this software further over the coming weeks.